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内网穿透之wireguard

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内网穿透之wireguard

安装

Debian

# Debian Bullseye 之前版本都需要启用backports源来支持安装
apt install wireguard -y

macOS

brew install wireguard-tools

配置服务端

cd /etc/wireguard
# 创建服务端密钥对
umask 077
wg genkey | tee privatekey | wg pubkey > publickey
# 创建wg0.conf
cat > /etc/wireguard/wg0.conf <<EOF
[Interface]
PrivateKey = <Private Key>
Address = 10.0.0.1/24, fd86:ea04:1115::1/64
ListenPort = 51820
PostUp = iptables -A FORWARD -i wg0 -j ACCEPT; iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE; ip6tables -A FORWARD -i wg0 -j ACCEPT; ip6tables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
PostDown = iptables -D FORWARD -i wg0 -j ACCEPT; iptables -t nat -D POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE; ip6tables -D FORWARD -i wg0 -j ACCEPT; ip6tables -t nat -D POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
SaveConfig = true
EOF
# 启动
wg-quick up wg0
# 开机启动
systemctl enable wg-quick@wg0
# 检查
wg show

配置客户端

umask 077
wg genkey | tee privatekey | wg pubkey > publickey
cat > /etc/wireguard/wg0.conf <<EOF
[Interface]
PrivateKey = <Output of privatekey file that contains your private key>
Address = 10.0.0.2/24, fd86:ea04:1115::5/64
EOF

连接客户端和服务端

法一 客户端操作

  1. wg-quick down wg0
  2. 直接编辑客户端配置文件
  3. 启动wg-quick up wg0;systemctl enable wg-quick@wg0
# /etc/wireguard/wg0.conf 新增
[Peer]
PublicKey = <Server Public key>
Endpoint = <Server Public IP>:51820
AllowedIPs = 10.0.0.2/24, fd86:ea04:1115::5/64

法二 服务端操作

wg set wg0 peer <Client Public Key> endpoint <Client IP address>:51820 allowed-ips 203.0.113.12/24,fd86:ea04:1115::5/64

问题解决

# 1. 内核模块没有
lsmod | grep wireguard && echo yes || echo no
no
modprobe wireguard
modprobe: FATAL: Module wireguard not found in directory /lib/modules/5.4.0-0.bpo.4-amd64

dkms status
wireguard, 0.0.20200318, 4.19.0-8-amd64, x86_64: installed
uname -a
Linux cn3 5.4.0-0.bpo.4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 5.4.19-1~bpo10+1 (2020-03-09) x86_64 GNU/Linux

dkms autoinstall
Error! Your kernel headers for kernel 5.4.0-0.bpo.4-amd64 cannot be found.
Please install the linux-headers-5.4.0-0.bpo.4-amd64 package

# 解决方式
apt install -y linux-headers-5.4.0-0.bpo.4-amd64

# ipv6 RTNETLINK answers: Permission denied
启用ipv6即可
net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6=0
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ysicing
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ysicing
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